Science Fiction and Utopias by Women, 1818--1949: A Chronology

Science Fiction and Utopias by Women, 1818-1925

Mary Shelley, Frankenstein (1818); The Last Man (1826); "Transformation" (1824); "Valerius: The Reanimated Roman" (1819); "Roger Dodsworth: The Reanimated Englishman" (1826); "The Mortal Immortal"; and other short fiction

Jane Loudon, The Mummy: A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century (1827)

Mary Griffith, "Three Hundred Years Hence" (1836)

Lady Mary Fox, Account of an Expedition to the Interior of New Holland (1837)

Betsey Chamberlain, "A New Society" (1841)

Jane Sophia Appleton, "Sequel to the Vision of Bangor in the Twentieth Century" (1848)

Jane A. Ellis, A Vision of our Country in the Year 1900 (1851)

Sarah Josepha Hale, Liberia: or Mr. Peyton's Experiments (1853)

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, The Gates Ajar (1868); Elisabeth "A Dream within a Dream" (1874); Beyond the Gates (1883); The Gates Between (1887)

Mrs T. Corbettt, "My Visit to Utopia" (1869)

Cora Semmes Ives, The Princess of the Moon: A Confederate Fairy Story (1869)

Annie Denton Cridge, Man's Rights; or, How Would You Like It? (1870)

Rhoda Broughton, "It Was a Dream" (1873)

Florence McLandburgh, "The Automaton Ear" (1873)

Marie Howland, Papa's Own Girl: A Novel (1874)

Mary E. Bradley Lane, Mizora. A Prophecy (1881)

Mrs. J. Wood, Pantaletta: A Romance of Hesheland (1882)

Henrietta Dugdale, A Few Hours in a Far Off Age (1883)

Polly Cabell, "A Trip to the Moon" (1884)

Mary Theresa Shelhamer, Life and Labor in the Spirit World, Being a Description of the Localities, Employments, Surroundings, and Conditions of the Spheres (1884)

Lillie Devereux Blake, "A Divided Republic: An Allegory of the Future" (1885)

May Kendall (with Andrew Lang), "That Very Mab" (1885)

Marie Corelli, A Romance of Two Worlds (1886); The Soul of Lilith (1892); The Young Diana. An Experiment of the Future (1918); The Secret Power. A Romance of the Present (1921)

Florence Claudina Carpenter Dieudonne, Rondah; or Thirty-Three Years in a Star (1887)

Anna Bowman Blake Dodd, The Republic of the Future; or Socialism a Reality (1887)

Elizabeth Waterhouse, The Island of Anarchy: A Fragment of History in the 20th Century (1887)

Elizabeth Corbett, The New Amazonia: A Foretaste of the Future (1889)

Mary H[anaford] Ford, "A Feminine Iconoclast" (1889)

Eveleen Laura Knaggs Mason, Hiero-Salem: The Vision of Peace (1889); An Episode in the Doings of the Dualized (1898)

Catherine Helen Spence, A Week in the Future (1889); Handfasted (1984)

Pauline Carsten Curtis, "In the Year '26" (1890)

Lady Florence Dixie, Gloriana, or, The Revolution of 1900 (1890); Isola, or the Disinherited (1903)

Mrs. M.A.Weeks Pittock, The God of Civilization: A Romance (1890)

Margaret Barber Stone, One of `Berrian's' Novels (1890)

Minnie Finkelstein, THE NEWEST WOMAN: the destined monarch of the world (1891)

Anna M. Fitch, Better Days; or, a Millionaire of Tomorrow (1891)

Ruth Ellis Freeman, "Tales of a Great-Grandmother" (1891)

Agnes Bond Yourell, A Manless World (1891)

Elizabeth G. Birkmaier, Poseidon's Paradise: The Romance of Atlantis (1892)

Mary R. P. Hatch, The Missing Man (1892)

M. Louise Moore, Al Modad; or Life Scenes beyond the Polar Circumflex. A Religio-Scientific
Solution of the Problems of Present and Future Life
(1892)

Mrs. Alice M. Diehl, Dr. Paul's Theory: A Romance (1893)

Fayette Stratton Giles, Shadows Before, or a Century Onward (1893)

Helen Harper Goode, "By Act of Parliament. 6 and 7 Edward 15th, Anno Domini 2041" (1893)

Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant, Unveiling a Parallel: A Romance (1893)

Charlotte, Rosalys Jones, The Hypnotic Experiment of Dr. Reeves and Other Stories (1894)

Lois Waisbrooker, A Sex Revolution (1894)

Alice W. Fuller, "A Wife Manufactured to Order" (1895)

Margaret W. Hungerford, The Professor's Experiment: A Novel (1895)

Amelia Mears, Mercia, the Astronomer Royal (1895)

Coralie Glyn, A Woman for Tomorrow: A Tale of the Twentieth Century (1896)

Abigail Scot Duniway, Bijah's Surprises (1896)

Mabel Fuller Blodgett, At the Queen's Mercy (1897)

Fiona Wait Colbern, Yermah the Dorado (1897)

Charlotte O'Conner Eccles [Hal Godfrey], The Rejuvenation of Miss Semaphore: A Farcical Novel (1897)

Rosa Graul, Hilda's Home: A Story of Woman's Emancipation (1897)

Katherine Kip, "My Invisible Friend" (1897)

Elizabeth Thomasina Meade with Robert Eustace, "The Blue Laboratory" (1897); "The Brotherhoood of the Seven Kings" (1899); "Where the Air Quivered" (1898); The Sanctuary Club (1900); "The Talk of the Town" (1903)

Lillian Francis Mentor, The Day of Resis (1897)

Clara Holmes, "A Tale of the X-ray" (1898); "Nordhng Nordjansen" (1898)

Mary Platt Parmele, Ariel; or the Author's World (1898)

Anna Adolph, Artiq: A Study of Marvels at the North Pole (1899)

Elizabeth Bellamy, "Ely's Animated Housemaid" (1899)

Margaret Dodd, "Color of Heaven" (1899)

H[arriet] E. Orcutt, The Empire of the Invisibles (1899)

Eloise O. Richberg, Reinstern (1900)

Sue Greenleaf, Liquid from the Sun's Rays (1901)

Cara Dupuy Henley, Man from Mars (1901)

Ethel Watts Mumford "When Time Turned" (1901)

Winnifred Harper Cooley, "A Dream of the Twenty-first Century" (1902)

Laura Dayton Fessenden, "2002": Childlife One Hundred Years from Now (1902)

Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins, Of One Blood; or, The Hidden Self (1902-3)

Eva L. Ogden, "The Cold Storage Baby" (1902)

Mabel Ernestine Abbott, "The Fatal Filaments" (1903)

Edith Allonby, Jewel Sowers: A Novel (1903); Marigold: A Story (1905)

Agnes Castle (with Frederick A. Stokes), The Star Dreamer: A Romance (1903)

Edith Money Maturin, "Her Animated Flat" (1903)

Sara Weiss, Journeys to the Planet Mars or Our Mission to Ento (1903)

Elizabeth Whitely, The Devil's Throne (1903)

Mrs. Muirson Blake [as Jean Delaire], Around a Distant Star (1904)

Rosetta Gilchrist, Tibby: A Novel Dealing with Psychic Forces and Telepathy (1904)

Violet Guttenberg, A Modern Exodus: A Novel (1904)

Martha Foote Crow, The World Above: A Duologue (1905)

Anna D. Evans, It Beats the Shakers, or a New Tune (1905)

Lena J. Fry, Other worlds (1905)

Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain, "Sultana's Dream" (1905)

E. Nesbit, The Story of the Amulet (1905); "The Five Senses" (1909); "The Pavilion" (1915)

Margaret Montague Prescott, "The Great Sleep Tanks" (1905)

Bessie Story Rogers, As It May Be: A Story of the Future (1905)

F[lorence] E. Young, The War of the Sexes (1905)

Florence Edith Austin, "A Missile from Mars" (1906)

Zona Gale, Romance Island (1906)

Dorothy Hilton, "The Professor's Mistake" (1906)

Kate Murray, The Blue Star (1907)

Margaret L. Woods, The Invader (1907)

Nettie Parrish Martin, A Pilgrim's Progress in Other Worlds; Recounting the Wonderful Adventures of Ulysum Storries and His Discovery of the Lost Star `Eden' (1908)

Edith Rathbone Brainerd [E.J. Rath] with Chauncey Corey Brainerd, The Sixth Speed (1908)

Irene Clyde, Beatrice the Sixteenth, Being the Personal Narrative of Mary Hatherly, M.B., Explorer and Geographer (1909)

Christabel Coleridge, The Thought-Rope (1909)

Katherine Fay Dewey, Star People (1910)

Lottie F. Ambrose [L.D. Biagi] The Centaurians (1911)

Mary Austin [Gordon Stairs] Outland (1911)

Beatrice May Butt, The Laws of Leflo (1911)

Cora Minnett, The Day after Tomorrow (1911)

Edith Nesbit [Bland], Dormant (1911)

Mabel W. Knowles [Lester Lurgan] A Message from Mars (1912)

Lillian Chester, The Ball of Fire (1914)

Inez Haynes Gilmore, Angel Island (1914)

Bertha Von Suttner, When Thoughts Will Soar: A Romance of the Immediate Future (1914)

Clotilde Inez Marie Gareb [as Richard Dehan], "Lady Clanbevan's Baby" (1915)

Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Herland (1915); Moving the Mountain (1911); With Her in Ourland (1916); "A Cabinet Meeting" (1895); "A Woman's Utopia" (1907); "A Strange Land" (1912)

Eva Harrison, Wireless Messages from Other Worlds (1915)

Mary A. Fisher, Among the Immortals (1916)

Lillian Jones, Five Generations Hence (1916)

Anna Ratner Shapiro, The Birth of Universal Brotherhood (1916)

Theodora Wilson, The Last Weapon: A Vision (1916)

Gertrude Barrows Bennett's The Cereberus Heads (1919); "Friend Island" (1918) and many other stories

Martha Bensley Bruere, Mildred Carver, USA (1919)

Anna De Bremont, The Black Opal (1918)

Alice Earl Chapin, "When Dead Lips Speak" (1919)

Greye La Spina [Fanny Greye Bragg], "The Ultimate Ingredient" (1919)

Rose Macauley, What Not. A Prophetic Comedy (1919)

Florence L. Barclay, Returned Empty (1920)

Mary Ann Johnston, "Sweet Rocket (1920)

Jeanne Judson, The Stars Incline (1920)

Ada Barnet, The Man on the Other Side (1921)

Mrs. Leonard Cooke [Joan Conquest], Leonie of the Jungle (1921)

Martha Kayser, The Aerial Flight to the Realm of Peace (1922)

Jessie Douglas Kerruish, The Undying Monster: A Tale of the Fifth Dimension (1922)

Ella M. Scrymsour The Perfect World; A Romance of Strange People and Strange Places (1922)

Isabel Griffiths, Three Worlds (1922)

Gertrude Atherton, Black Oxen (1923)

Laura Shellbarger Hunt, Ultra: A Story of a Pre-Natal Influence (1923)

Mrs. Harriet Alfarata Thompson, Idealia, a Utopian Dream; or, Resthaven (1923)

Sarah Norcliffe Cleghorn, "Utopia Interpreted" (1924)

Lady Dorothy Mills, The Arms of the Sun (1924)

Violet Lilian Perkins ["Lilian Leslie"] with Archer L. Hood, The Melody from Mars (1924)

Rena Peterson, Venus (1924)

Lenor Chaney, "White Man's Madness" (1925)

Hannah Coron, Two Years Hence? (1925)

Berenice V. Dell, The Silent Voice (1925)

V[iolet] T. Murray, The Rule of the Beasts (1925)


Science Fiction and Utopias by Women, 1926-1949

Diane Boswell, Posterity: A Novel (1926)

I[sabel] F. Grant, A Candle in the Hills (1926)

Charlotte Haldane, Man's World (1926)

Clare Winger Harris, "A Runaway World" (1926); "A Baby on Neptune" (1929); "The Fifth Dimension" (1928); "The Diabolical Drug" (1929); "The Evolutionary Monstrosity" (1929); "The Menace of Mars" (1928); "The Miracle of the Lily" (1928); "The Fate of the Poseidonia" (1927); "The Artificial Man" (1929); "The Ape Cycle" (1947); "A Certain Soldier" (1947); Away from the Here and Now: Stories in Pseudo-Science (1947)

Muriel Jaeger, The Question Mark (1926) [Woolf's Hogarth Press!]; The Man with Six Senses (1927); Retreat from Armageddon (1936)

Helene Pittard ["Noelle Roger"], The New Adam (1926)

Gladys St. John-Loe, The Door of Beyond (1926)

Karen Bramson, Dr. Morel (1927)

Katharine P. Burdekin ["Murray Constatine"] The Burning Ring (1927); The Rebel Passion (1929); Proud Man (1934); The Devil, Poor Devil! (1934); Swastika Night (1937); The End of This Day's Business (1990)

Agatha Christie, The Big Four (1927)

Isabel C. Crawford, The Tapestry of Time (1927)

Elizabeth York Miller, The Mark of Yekel (1927)

Thea Von Harbou, Metropolis (1927); The Girl in the Moon (1930)

Mrs. Bertha Sinclair ["B.M.Bower"], The Adam Chasers (1927)

Mary Borden, Jehovah's Day (1928)

Alice Campbell, Juggernaut (1928)

Nina M. Doney, My Life on Eight Planets, or a Gilmpse of Other Worlds (1928)

Cicely Hamilton, Lest Ye Die. A Story from the Past or the Future (1928)

Effie Merriman, Rejuvenated (1928)

Helen Beauclerk, The Love of a Foolish Angel (1929)

B[ertha] L. Bowhay, Elenchus Brown: The Story of an Experimental Utopia Complied by a Student of Battersea Polytechnic (1929)

Sarah Comstock, The Moon Is Made of Green Cheese (1929)

Nathalia Crane, An Alien from Heaven (1929)

Sophia Wenzel Ellis, "The White Wizard" (1929); "Creatures of the Light" (1930); "Slaves of the Dust" (1930)

L[ouise] Taylor Hansen, "The Undersea Tube; (1929); "The City on the Cloud (1930); "The Man from Space: (1930); "The Prince of Liars" (1930); "What the Sodium Lines Revealed" (1929)

Minna Irving, "The Moon Woman: A Tale of the Future" (1929)

Lillith Lorraine The Brain of the Planet (1929); "Into the 28th Century" (1930); "The Jovian Jest" (1930); Banners of Victory (1937)

Mavis Nisot, The Man Who Could Stop War (1929)

Lillian Elizabeth Roy, The Princess of Atlantis (1929)

Leslie F. Stone, "Letter of the Twenty-fourth Century" (1929); "The Conquest of Gola" (1931); "Women with Wings" (1930); "Out of the Void" (1929); "Through the Veil" (1930); "When the Sun Went Out" (1929)

Rebecca West, Harriet Hume: A London Fantasy (1929)

A.R. [Amelia Reynolds] Long, The Mechanical Man (1930); "Cosmic Fear," (1937) and many other stories

Kathleen Ludwick, "Dr. Imortelle" (1930)

Louise Rice and Tonjoroff-Roberts, "The Astounding Enemy" (1930)

M[ary] Saltoun, After (1930)

Aelfrida Tillyard, Concrete: A Story of Two Hundred Years Hence (1930); The Approaching Storm (1932)

Ruth Vassos, Ultimo: An Imaginative Narration of Life Under the Earth (1930)

Ellen Warner Kirk, A Woman's Utopia, by a Daughter of Eve (1931)

Mrs. Norman Lee, A Woman-- or What? (1931)

Mrs. G. Stuart, On the Shores of the Infinite (1931)

Hazel Heald, "The Man of Stone" (1932)

Inez Holden, Born Old, Die Young (1932)

C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, "Shambleau" (1933); "Nymph of Darkness" (1935); "No Woman Born" (1944); with Forest Ackerman, "Quest of the Starstone" (1937); with Harry Kuttner, "Werewoman" (1938); and other stories, as well as years of collaborations on stories and novels with Harry Kuttner, with whom she shared the pseudonyms "Lewis Padgett" and "Laurence O'Donnell

Margaret Morrison ["March Cost"], A Man Named Luke (1932); The Dark Glass (1935); The Dark Star (1939); The Bespoken Mile (1950)

Margaret Maud Brash [John Kendell], Unborn Tomorrow (1933)

Monica Curtis, Landslide (1934)

D[orothy] K. Broster, World Under Snow (1935)

Vivian Cory [Victoria Cross], Martha Brown, M.P.: A Girl of Tomorrow (1935)

Susan Ertz, Woman Alive (1935)

Elise Kay Gresswell, When Yvonne Was Dictator (1935)

Esther Meynell, Time's Door (1935)

Mairi O'Nair, The Girl with the X-Ray Eyes (1935)

Claire Myers Spotswood Owens The Unpredictable Adventure: A Comedy of Woman's Independence (1935)

M[argaret] Storm Jameson, In the Second Year (1936); [as "William Lamb"] The World Ends (1937); Then We Shall Hear Singing: A Fantasy in C Major (1942); The Moment of Truth (1949)

D[orothy] E. Stevenson, The Empty World: A Romance of the Future (1936)

Ruth Adam, War on Saturday Week (1937)

Pamela Frankau, Some New Planet (1937)

Clara Ira Von Ravn, Selestor's Men of Atlantis (1937)

Eleanor de Forest, Armageddon; A Tale of the Antichrist (1938)

Martha Marlowe Morris and Laura B. Speer No Borderland (1938)

Bertha Newton, My Life in Time (1938)

Dorothy Quick, Strange Awakening (1938)

H[ilary] M. Raliegh, The Machinations of Dr. Grue (1938)

Muriel K. Howorth, This Is Armageddon (1939)

Edith Pargeter, The City Lies Four-Square: A Novel (1939)

Betty Spiers, The Mantle of Methusalah: A Farcical Novel (1939)

Alison Uttley, A Traveller in Time (1939)

Maria Metlova [Louise Hathaway], The Enchanted Hour (1940)

Helen Weinbaum, "Honeycombed Satellite" (1940)

Leigh Bracket, "Water Pirate" (1941); "The Halfling" (1943) and many, many, novels, stories, & screenplays

Marjorie Livingston, The Future of Mr. Purdew: A Novel (1941)

Leslie Perri, "Space Episode" (1941); "In the Forest"; "Under the Skin"; "The Untouchables"

E. (Edna) Mayne Hull, "The Flight that Failed" (1942) and several other stories, and some novels written with A.E. Van Vogt

Louise Dardanelle World Without Raiment, A Fantasy (1943)

Beth Brown, Universal Station (1944)

Winifred Law, Through Space to the Planets (1944); Rangers of the Universe (1945)

Kathleen P. Page ["Judith Cape"], The Sun and the Moon (1944)

Catherine A. Davy, After the Clouds (1945)

Gabrielle Hessentein, Monkey Paradise: A Tale of the Jungle (1945)

Anna Kavan, I Am Lazarus (1945) and many, many other novels and short stories

Theodora McCormick Du Bois, Murder Strikes an Atomic Unit (1946); Solution T-25 (1951)

Bridget Chetwynd, Future Imperfect (1946)

Lee Hawkins Garby (with E.E. "Doc" Smith], The Skylark of Space: The Tale of the First Interstellar Cruise (1946)

Margeruite Bayliss, Earth Angels (1947)

M. Barnard Eldershaw [Marjorie Barnard and Flora Eldershaw), Tomorrow & Tomorrow & Tomorrow (1947)

Fannie Hurst, The Hands of Veronica (1947)

Lisa Ben, "Revolution" (1948)

Elizabeth Burton [Susan Alice Kerby], The Roaring Dove (1948); Mr. Kronion: A Novel (1949)

Maud Hudnut Chapin, The Lost Star and Other Stories (1948)

Dorothy M. Craigie [David Craigie], The Voyage of the Lunar I (1948); Dark Atlantis (1951)

Dorothy Hill, The Little Blue Man (1948)

Judith Merril, "That Only a Mother" (1948) and many novels & stories--also became a leading sf editor

Margaret St. Clair, "Aleph Sub One" (1948) and many, many, novels & stories

Wilmar Shiras, "In Hiding" (1948); "Opening Doors" (1949); Children of the Atom (1953)

Phyllis Cradock, Gateway to Remembrance (1949); The Eternal Echo (1950)

Gertrude Short, A Visitor from Venus (1949)

Paralee Sweeten Sutton, White City: A Novel (1949)

Sources used for compiling this list: Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd ed.; Libby Falk Jones and Sarah Webster Goodwin, eds., Feminism, Utopia, and Narrative; Roger C. Schlobin, Urania's Daughters: A Checklist of Women Science Fiction Writers, 1692-1982; Jane L. Donawerth and Carol A. Kolmerton, eds., Utopian and Science Fiction Women by Women; Everett F. Bleiler with Richard J. Bleiler, Science-Fiction: The Early Years; and the suggestions, via email, of numerous individuals interested in early science fiction by women.


Modern Editions of Works Cited

Jane Sophia Appleton, "Vision of Bangor in the Twentieth Century," in Arthur O. Lewis, ed., American Utopias: Selected Short Fiction, Arno, New York, 1971.

Lillie Devereux [Umsted] Blake, "A Divided Republic: An Allegory of the Future" in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Leigh Bracket, "The Lake of the Gone Forever," in (1) Pamela Sargent, ed., More Women of Wonder: Science Fiction Novelettes by Women about Women, Vintage Books, 1976; and (2) A. Susan Williams and Richard Glyn Jones, eds., The Penguin Book of Modern Fantasy by Women, Penguin, 1995.

___________, "The Water Pirate," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Martha S. [Bensley] Bruere, "Mildred Carver, U.S.A." (excerpt) in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Sarah Josepha [Buell], Liberia; or Mr. Peyton's Experiments, Gregg, New Jersey, 1968.

Katharine Burdekin [Murray Constatine], The End of the Day's Business, The Feminist Press.

_________________________________, Proud Man, The Feminist Press.

_________________________________, Swastika Night, The Feminist Press.

Winnifred Harper Cooley, "A Dream of the Twenty-first Century" in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Annie Denton Cridge, "Man's Rights; or, How Would You Like It?" in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Miriam Allen deFord, "Throwback," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

M. Barnard Eldershaw (pseud for joint work by Marjorie Barnard and Flora Eldershaw), Tomorrow & Tomorrow & Tomorrow, The Dial Press, New York, 1984.

Mary H[anaford] Ford, "A Feminine Iconoclast," in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Herland: A Lost Feminist Utopian Novel, Pantheon Books, New York, 1979.

____________________, "What Diantha Did," (excerpt) in The Charlotte Perkins Gilman Reader, ed. Ann. J. Lane, Pantheon Books, New York, 1980.

____________________, "A Woman's Utopia" in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Inez Haynes Gilmore, Angel Island, NAL Penguin, 1988.

Rosa Graul, "Hilda's Home: A Story of Woman's Emanicipation," (excerpt) in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Mary Griffith, "Three Hundred Years Hence," in Arthur O. Lewis, ed., American Utopias: Selected Short Fiction, Arno, New York, 1971.

Hazel Heald, "The Man of Stone," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain, "Sultana's Dream" in Sultana's Dream and Selections from "The Secluded Ones" tr. Roushan Jahan, The Feminist Press.

Marie [Stevens Case] Howland, "Papa's Own Girl," in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant, Unveiling a Parallel, Syracuse University Press, 1991.

Lilian B. Jones, "Five Generations Hence," (excerpts) in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Mary E. Bradley Lane, Mizora: A World of Women, Bison Books, University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Jane Loudon, The Mummy! A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century (heavily abridged) The University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Judith Merril, "That Only a Mother," in Pamela Sargent, ed., Women of Wonder: Science Fiction Stories by Women about Women, Vintage Books, 1975.

C.L.Moore, "Jirel Meets Magic," in Pamela Sargent, ed., More Women of Wonder: Science Fiction Novelettes by Women about Women, Vintage Books, 1976.

_________, Jirel of Joiry, Ace, 1977.

_________, Northwest Smith, Ace, 1982.

Claire Meyers Spotswood Owens, The Unpredictable Adventure, Syracuse University Press, 1993

Leslie Perri, "Space Episode," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps [Ward], "A Dream within a Dream," in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Margaret St. Clair, "Aleph Sub One," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, University of Chicago Press, 1982.

__________, The Last Man, University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

__________, "The Moral Immortal," "Roger Dodsworth: The Reanimated Englishman," "Transformation," and "Valerius: The Reanimated Roman," in Collected Tales and Stories, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Gertrude Short, "A Visitor from Venus" in Carol Farley Kessler, ed., Daring to Dream: Utopian Fiction by United States Women Before 1950, 2nd edition, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Francis Stevens, "Friend Island" in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Leslie F. Stone, "The Conquest of Gola," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Lois Nichols Waisbrooker, A Sex Revolution, New Society Publishers, Philadelphia, 1985.

Helen Weinbaum, "Honeycombed Satellite," in Janrae Frank, Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman, eds., New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow Longmeadow Press, Stamford, Conn., 1994.

Rebecca West, Harriet Hume: A London Fantasy, The Dial Press, 1980.